When the procession reached near Dhaka Medical College, the police opened fire on the student, killing, Salam, Rafiq, Barkat, and Jabbar. This Kindled the sparks of the independence movement of Bangladesh. International Mother Language Day – 2 21 February has been observed as Shaheed Dibosh every year the country in remembrance of the martyrs of language movement of 1952. The occasion begins at the early hours of the day with mourning songs that recall the supreme sacrifices of our language martyrs. People wear black badges and go to the Shaheed Minarbarefootin procession, singing Mourning songs. They place wreaths at the Minar. Many of them visit the graves of the martyrs at Azimpur graveyard and pray for them. They also attend various programs organized in remembrance of the language martyrs. The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) on 17 November in 1997 proclaimed February 21 as the International Mother Language Day in recognition of the sacrifices of the martyrs for the rightful place of Bangla. The day is now annually observed worldwide to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.
21 February is a memorable day in our national history. We observe the day every year as International Mother Day. The day is a national holiday. On this day, we pay tribute to the martyrs who laid down their lives to establish Bangla as a state language in undivided Pakistan in 1952. This is known as the Language Movement. The seed of Language Movement was on 21 March 1948 when Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the then Governor General of Pakistan, at a public meeting in Dhaka declared that Urdu Would be only the official language of Pakistan. The declaration raised a storm of protest in the eastern part of the country. The protest continued non-stop, gathering momentum day by day. It turned into a movement and reached its climax in 1952. The government outlawed all sorts to public meeting and rallies to prevent it. The students of Dhaka University defied the law and they brought our a peaceful protest procession on 21 February 1952.