(a) Do you think the historic speech of 7 March by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the most important incident just before liberation war in Bangladesh? Why? (b) What was the situation in the then Pakistan when Bangabandhu delivered this speech? (c) What was its impact on the people of Bangladesh? (d) What did Bangabandhu highlight in his speech? (e) What was the outcome of the speech?
The historic speech of 7 March by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the most important incident just before liberation war in Bangladesh. It reshaped the history of the country. Through the speech, the people of the country got the final directive and a strong inspiration to fight for the liberation war against the then Pakistani rulers. Bangabandhu delivered the speech when tension was increasing between then is East Pakistan and the powerful political and military establishment of West Pakistan. In the speech the father of the state, Sheikh Mujib was known as on the freedom-loving Bangalees to wage a decisive struggle against the Pakistani tyranny. During the speech, Bangabandhu proclaimed at a huge rally at the racecourse Maidan in Dhaka that “Our struggle is for our freedom. Our struggle is for our independence.” In the speech, Sheikh Mujib also called for “Every house to turn into a fortress”. Following the Bangabandhu’s declaration, people across the country from the capital Dhaka to remote villages-continued to raise slogans: “Sab Kother Shesh Kotha Bangladesher Shadhinata” and “Bir bangalee astro dhoro, Bangladesh mukto koro”. In finally bangalee nation took up arms of liberation as Bangabandhu had asked them to get prepared for. In fact, the speech resurrected a sleeping nation and transformed it into a fighting force. The war eventually began 18 days later from the historic 7th March speech, when the Pakistan army launched “operation searchlight” against Bengali civilians, intellectuals, students, politicians and armed personnel. In due course, people of the country won the victory and archived independence. So, the significance of the speech is really beyond measure.